Clerodendrum infortunatum

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Clerodendrum infortunatum is a perennial flowering shrub or small tree belonging to the family Lamiaceae. The common name of Clerodendrum infortunatum in Assamese language is Bhat-phul, Bhetita, Bhet-tita, Dhopati tita, or Dhopat tita. The other common names are hill glory bower, (in Sanskrit) Bhantaka, (in Hindi) Titabhamt, Bhant, (in Bengali) Bhant, (in Malayalam) Peruvalam, (in Manipuri) Kuthap Manbi, (in Marathi) Bhandira, (in Telugu) Gurrapu Katilyaku, etc.

Distribution

This plant is native to Assam, the state of India and tropical Asia including Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Pakistan, Thailand, Malaysia, the Andaman Islands, and Sri Lanka.

Description

This shrub grows upto the height of 1-2m. The stem of the plant is erect, slender and pubescent. Bark is grey. Size of a leaf is 8-17 x 6-12 cm. Leaves are thinly hairy on both side. Leaves are simple, opposite; both surfaces sparsely villous-pubescent, Leaf arrangement of hill glory bower is opposite-decussate, leaf type is simple, leaf shape is ovate to orbicular, leaf apex is acuminate, leaf base is cordate, leaf margin is denticulate and venation of leaf is pinnate.
Flowers are bisexual and zygomorphic. It has functional androecium and gynoecium, stamens, carpels and ovary. Corollas are white with pinkish throat. It has four long stamens; It flowers from March to April. Fruits are drupaceous, globose, bluish-black on ripening; fruiting calyx is enlarged and pink.

Uses

Clerodendrum infortunatum has significant values for preparing Ayurvedic and Siddha traditional medicines. The leaf and root are used as antidandruff, antipyretic, ascaricide, laxative, vermifuge,  anticonvulsant, antidiabetic, and for gravel, malaria, scabies, skin diseases, sores, spasm, scorpion sting, snake  bite, and tumors.

Taxonomy of Clerodendrum infortunatum L.
Kingdom :Plantae
Phylum : Tracheophyta
Class : Magnoliopsida
Order : Lamiales
Family : Lamiaceae
Genus :    Clerodendrum
Species : Clerodendrum infortunatum L.

Synonym:    
Clerodendrum viscosum Vent., nom. superfl.
Volkameria infortunata (L.) Roxb.
Clerodendrum calycinum Turcz.
Ovieda infortunata (L.) Baill.