There are various types of wetlands and water bodies like rivers and streams, ponds, fresh water lakes (locally called beel), or ox-bow lakes (era suti), marshy tracts etc., spread over entire Assam. Suitable ecosystem and characteristics of water bodies make a natural home for more than 42 nos. species of fish in Assam. Photos of local fishes of Assam are provided here.

List of some fishes found in Assam

Accepted or scientific name / Common name

Amblypharyngodon mola Hamilton / মোৱা, Moa, Mola carplet 

Amphipnous cuchia Müller / কুচিয়া, Cuchia, Swamp eel 

Anabas testudineus Bloch / কাৱৈ, Kawai, Indian climbing perch  

Aorichthys seenghala / আৰি, Arii, Giant river-catfish  

Arius gagora / Gagal  গাগল  Gagora catfish

Aspidoparia morar Hamilton / বৰিয়লা, Boriyala, Carplet 

Bagarius bagarius Hamilton / গৰুৱা, Garua, Devil catfish, dwarf goonch or goonch 

Botia Dario / বটিয়া, Botia, Necktie Loach  

Catla catla / ভকুৱা, Bahu, BhakuaCatla

Chanda nama / চন্দা, Chanda, Elongate glassy perchlet 

Channa amphibian / বৰ  চেঙ্গা, Bor Chenga, Great snakehead 

Channa gachua / চেঙেলী, Chengeli, Dwarf snakehead 

Channa marulius / শাল, Shal, Bullseye snakehead 

Channa punctatus / গৰৈ, Goroi, Spotted snakehead  

Channa striatus / শল, Hol, Striped snakehead 

Chitala chitala / চিতল, Chital, Featherback, Clown knifefish 

Cirrhinus mrigala / মিৰিকা, Mirika, Mrigal carp 

Cirrhinus reba / লাচিম, Lasim, Reba carp

Clarias Magur / মাগুৰ, Local Magur, Clarias, catfish

Colisa lalius / ললশলিছা, Lolholisha, Dwarf gourami 

Colisa fasciata / খলিহনা, Kholihana, Striped gourami, Banded gourami 

Dendrobranchiata Bate / মিছামাছ, Misamas, Prawns ,

Esomus danricus / দৰিকণা, Darikana, Brilliant rasboraCommon  rasbora, Flying barb 

Eutropiichthys vacha / বচা, Bacha, Vacha   

Glossogobius giuris / পাটিমুতুৰা, Patimutura, Flathead goby

Gudusia chapra / কৰটি, Koroti, Indian river shad, Chapra  

Heteropneustes fossilis / শিঙি, Singhi, Stinging catfish or Fossil cat 

Labeo bata / ভাঙন, Bhangan, Bata labeo  

Labeo calbasu / মালি , কলিয়াজৰা, Koliajara, Mali, Black rohu, Calbasu, Karnataka labeo, Major carp 

Labeo dyocheilus / শিলঘৰীয়া, Hilghoria, Brahmaputra Labeo  

Labeo rohita / ৰৌ, Rau, Roho labeo 

Labeo nandina / নন্দিনি, Nandini, Deccan Labeo 

Labeo gonius / কুঁঢ়ি, Kurhi, Kuria labeo 

Macrognathus aral / তুৰা, Tura, Peacock Eel, One-striped Spiny Eel,. One-stripe Spinyeel

Mastacembelus armatus / বামি, Bami, Zig-zag eel, tire-track eel, tire-track spiny eel, marbled spiny eel

Mystus bleekeri / শিঙৰা, Singorah, Day’s mystus 

Mystus cavasius / বৰ শিঙৰা, Barsingorah, Gangetic mystus

Nandus nandus Hamilton / আকৰি, গেডগেডী, ভেতেকী, খালৈভাঙী, Aakori, Gedgedi, Bhetki, Khaloibhangi, Mud perch  

Notopterus notopterus Pallas / কান্ধুলি, Kandhuli, Bronze featherback 

Ompok pabo / পাভ, Pabha, Pabdah catfish 

Puntius ticto / চেনিপুঠি, Cheniputhi, Ticto Barb 

Puntius sarana / পুঠি, Puthi, Olive barb 

Salmostoma bacaila / চেলকনা, Chelkona, Large razorbelly minnow 

Tetraodon cutcutia / গঙ্গাটোপ , Gangatop, Ocellated blowfish 

Tor putitora / পিঠিয়া, Golden mahseer, Himalayan salmon  

Wallago attu / বৰালি, Barali, Wallago  

Xenentodon cancila Hamilton / ককিলাদাৰি, Kokila Dari, Needle Fish

Turtles & Tortoises : List of turtles & tortoises found in Assam

Vernacular name : (In Assamese Language)(Assamese Name)(English Name)(Scientific Name/ Accepted Name)

শালিকা  ডুৰা  (Salika Dura) Assam Roofed turtle (Pangshura sylhetensis),

ফুটুকি  শালিকা  ডুৰা  (Phutuki Salika Dura) Indian Roofed Turtle (Pangshura tecta),

শালিকা  ডুৰা  (Salika Dura) Indian Tent Turtle (Pangshura tentoria),

শিল  ডুৰা, পাহাৰীয়া  ডুৰা  (Sil Dura, Paharia Dura) Tricarinate Hill Turtle (Melanochelys tricarinata),

চেপেতা ডুৰা  (Sepeta Dura) Assam leaf turtle (Cyclemys gemeli)

Indian Eyed Turtle (Morenia petersi),

লাওমুৰা কাছ  (Laomura Kaso) Gangetic or Indian Softshell Turtle (Aspideretes gangeticus),

বৰ  কাছ, চকৰি  কাছ  (Bor Kaso, Sakori Kaso) Indian Peacock Softshell Turtle (Aspideretes hurum),

বাঘিয়া কাছ  (Baghia Kaso) Narrow Headed Softshell Turtle (Chitra indica),

নল  ডুৰা, ফুটুকি  ডুৰা  (Nal dura, Futuki dura) Spotted Pond Turtle, Black Pond Turtle (Geoclemys hamiltonii),

জাপ ডুৰা  (Jaap Dura) Malayan Softshell Turtle (Cuora amboinensis)

পাহাৰীয়া  কাছ  (Paharia Kaso) Brown Hill Tortoise, Asian brown tortoise (Manouria emys),

পাহাৰীয়া  জাপ কাছ (Pahari Jaap dura) Keeled Box Turtle (Pyxida mouhotii),

Indian Black Turtle (Melanochelys trijuga),

Oldham’s Leaf Turtle (Cyclemys oldhami),

বাঘ ডুৰা, হালধীয়া ফুটুকী কাছ (Bagh Dura, Halodhiya Phutuki Kaso) Indian Flapshell Turtle (Lissemys punctata andersoni),

কালধাপ ডুৰা, বৰ ডুৰা  (Kaldhap Dura, Bor dura) Crowned River Turtle (Hardella thurjii Gray)

মুগা ডুৰা  (Muga Dura) Brown Roofed Turtle (Pangshura smithii Gray)

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