Fishes of Assam

There are various types of wetlands and water bodies like rivers and streams, ponds, fresh water lakes (locally called beel), or ox-bow lakes (era suti), marshy tracts etc., spread over entire Assam. Suitable ecosystem and characteristics of water bodies make a natural home for more than 42 nos. species of fish in Assam.

List of some fishes found in Assam

Vernacular name : (Assamese Name)( (In Assamese Language)English Name)(Scientific Name/ Accepted Name)

Cuchia কুচিয়া Swamp eel (Amphipnous cuchia),

Garua  গৰুৱা  Devil catfish, dwarf goonch or goonch (Bagarius bagarius),

Kokila Dari  ককিলাদাৰি Needle Fish (Xenentodon cancila),

Bahu/ Bhakua  ভকুৱা Catla  (Catla catla),

Chanda চন্দা Elongate glassy perchlet (Chanda nama),

Bor Chenga  বৰ  চেঙ্গাGreat snakehead (Channa amphibian),

Chengeli  চেঙেলীDwarf snakehead ( Channa gachua),

Shal  শাল Bullseye snakehead (Channa marulius),

Hol  শল Striped snakehead (Channa striatus),

Mirika  মিৰিকা Mrigal carp (Cirrhinus mrigala),

Local Magur  মাগুৰ Clarias catfish (Clarias Magur),

Lolholisha  ললশলিছা  Dwarf gourami (Colisa lalius),

Kholihana  খলিহনাStriped gourami, Banded gourami (Colisa fasciata),

Bacha  বচাVacha   (Eutropiichthys vacha),

Koroti কৰটি  Indian river shad, Chapra  (Gudusia chapra),

Patimutura পাটিমুতুৰা Flathead goby (Glossogobius giuris),

Singhi  শিঙি Stinging catfish or Fossil cat (Heteropneustes fossilis),

Koliajara, Mali  মালি , কলিয়াজৰা Black rohu, Calbasu, Karnataka labeo, Major carp (Sc. Na. : Labeo calbasu),

Rau  ৰৌ Roho labeo (Labeo rohita),

Nandini  নন্দিনিDeccan Labeo (Labeo nandina),

Kurhi  কুঁঢ়ি Kuria labeo (Labeo gonius),

Singorah  শিঙৰাDay’s mystus (Mystus bleekeri),

Barsingorah  বৰ শিঙৰা  Gangetic mystus(Mystus cavasius),

Arii  আৰি  Giant river-catfish  (Aorichthys seenghala),

Aakori, Gedgedi, Bhetki, Khaloibhangiআকৰি, গেডগেডী, ভেতেকী, খালৈভাঙীMud perch  (Nandus nandus),

Chital চিতলFeatherback, Clown knifefish (Chitala chitala),

Kandhuli  কান্ধুলি  Bronze featherback (Notopterus notopterus),

Gagal  গাগল  Gagora catfish (Arius gagora)

Pabha পাভPabdah catfish (Ompok pabo),

Chelkona চেলকনাLarge razorbelly minnow (Salmostoma bacaila),

Cheniputhi চেনিপুঠি  Ticto Barb (Puntius ticto),

Puthi  পুঠি Olive barb (Puntius sarana),

Darikana দৰিকণা  Brilliant rasboraCommon  rasbora, Flying barb (Rasbora daniconius), (Esomus danricus)

Gangatop  গঙ্গাটোপ  Ocellated blowfish (Tetraodon cutcutia),

Barali  বৰালি  Wallago  (Wallago attu),

Kawai  কাৱৈIndian climbing perch  (Anabas testudineus),

Botia বটিয়া  Necktie Loach  (Botia Dario),

Lasim  লাচিম Reba carp (Cirrhinus reba),

Goroi গৰৈ  Spotted snakehead  (Channa punctatus),

Tura তুৰা Peacock Eel,. One-striped Spiny Eel,. One-stripe Spinyeel (Macrognathus aral),

Moa  মোৱা Mola carplet (Amblypharyngodon mola),

Bami  বামিZig-zag eel, tire-track eel, tire-track spiny eel, marbled spiny eel, (Mastacembelus armatus),

Bhangan  ভাঙনBata labeo  (Labeo bata),

Boriyala  বৰিয়লাCarplet  (Aspidoparia morar),

Misamas  মিছামাছ  Prawns (Dendrobranchiata),

Pithia পিঠিয়া  Golden mahseer, Himalayan salmon  (Tor putitora),

Hilghoria শিলঘৰীয়া  Brahmaputra Labeo  (Labeo dyocheilus)

Turtles & Tortoises : List of turtles & tortoises found in Assam

Vernacular name : (In Assamese Language)(Assamese Name)(English Name)(Scientific Name/ Accepted Name)

শালিকা  ডুৰা  (Salika Dura) Assam Roofed turtle (Pangshura sylhetensis),

ফুটুকি  শালিকা  ডুৰা  (Phutuki Salika Dura) Indian Roofed Turtle (Pangshura tecta),

শালিকা  ডুৰা  (Salika Dura) Indian Tent Turtle (Pangshura tentoria),

শিল  ডুৰা, পাহাৰীয়া  ডুৰা  (Sil Dura, Paharia Dura) Tricarinate Hill Turtle (Melanochelys tricarinata),

চেপেতা ডুৰা  (Sepeta Dura) Assam leaf turtle (Cyclemys gemeli)

Indian Eyed Turtle (Morenia petersi),

লাওমুৰা কাছ  (Laomura Kaso) Gangetic or Indian Softshell Turtle (Aspideretes gangeticus),

বৰ  কাছ, চকৰি  কাছ  (Bor Kaso, Sakori Kaso) Indian Peacock Softshell Turtle (Aspideretes hurum),

বাঘিয়া কাছ  (Baghia Kaso) Narrow Headed Softshell Turtle (Chitra indica),

নল  ডুৰা, ফুটুকি  ডুৰা  (Nal dura, Futuki dura) Spotted Pond Turtle, Black Pond Turtle (Geoclemys hamiltonii),

জাপ ডুৰা  (Jaap Dura) Malayan Softshell Turtle (Cuora amboinensis)

পাহাৰীয়া  কাছ  (Paharia Kaso) Brown Hill Tortoise, Asian brown tortoise (Manouria emys),

পাহাৰীয়া  জাপ কাছ (Pahari Jaap dura) Keeled Box Turtle (Pyxida mouhotii),

Indian Black Turtle (Melanochelys trijuga),

Oldham’s Leaf Turtle (Cyclemys oldhami),

বাঘ ডুৰা, হালধীয়া ফুটুকী কাছ (Bagh Dura, Halodhiya Phutuki Kaso) Indian Flapshell Turtle (Lissemys punctata andersoni),

কালধাপ ডুৰা, বৰ ডুৰা  (Kaldhap Dura, Bor dura) Crowned River Turtle (Hardella thurjii)

মুগা ডুৰা  (Muga Dura) Brown Roofed Turtle (Pangshura smithii)

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