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Fishes of Assam

There are various types of wetlands and water bodies like rivers and streams, ponds, fresh water lakes (locally called beel), or ox-bow lakes (era suti), marshy tracts etc., spread over entire Assam. Suitable ecosystem and characteristics of water bodies make a natural home for more than 42 nos. species of fish in Assam. Photos of local fishes of Assam are provided here.

List of some fishes found in Assam

Accepted or scientific name / Common name

Amblypharyngodon mola Hamilton / মোৱা, Moa, Mola carplet
Amphipnous cuchia Müller / কুচিয়া, Cuchia, Swamp eel 
Anabas testudineus Bloch / কাৱৈ, Kawai, Indian climbing perch  
Aorichthys seenghala / আৰি, Arii, Giant river-catfish  
Arius gagora / Gagal  গাগল  Gagora catfish
Aspidoparia morar Hamilton / বৰিয়লা, Boriyala, Carplet 
Bagarius bagarius Hamilton / গৰুৱা, Garua, Devil catfish, dwarf goonch or goonch 
Botia Dario / বটিয়া, Botia, Necktie Loach  
Catla catla / ভকুৱা, Bahu, BhakuaCatla
Chanda nama / চন্দা, Chanda, Elongate glassy perchlet 
Channa amphibian / বৰ  চেঙ্গা, Bor Chenga, Great snakehead 
Channa gachua / চেঙেলী, Chengeli, Dwarf snakehead 
Channa marulius / শাল, Shal, Bullseye snakehead, great snakehead
Channa punctatus / গৰৈ, Goroi, Spotted snakehead  
Channa striatus / শল, Hol, Striped snakehead 
Chitala chitala / চিতল, Chital, Featherback, Clown knifefish 
Cirrhinus mrigala / মিৰিকা, Mirika, Mrigal carp 
Cirrhinus reba / লাচিম, Lasim, Reba carp
Clarias Magur / মাগুৰ, Local Magur, Clarias, catfish
Colisa lalius / ললশলিছা, Lolholisha, Dwarf gourami 
Colisa fasciata / খলিহনা, Kholihana, Striped gourami, Banded gourami 
Dendrobranchiata Bate / মিছামাছ, Misamas, Prawns ,
Esomus danricus / দৰিকণা, Darikana, Brilliant rasboraCommon  rasbora, Flying barb 
Eutropiichthys vacha / বচা, Bacha, Vacha   
Glossogobius giuris / পাটিমুতুৰা, Patimutura, Flathead goby
Gudusia chapra / কৰটি, Koroti, Indian river shad, Chapra  
Heteropneustes fossilis / শিঙি, Singhi, Stinging catfish or Fossil cat 
Labeo bata / ভাঙন, Bhangan, Bata labeo  
Labeo calbasu / মালি , কলিয়াজৰা, Koliajara, Mali, Black rohu, Calbasu, Karnataka labeo, Major carp 
Labeo dyocheilus / শিলঘৰীয়া, Hilghoria, Brahmaputra Labeo  
Labeo rohita / ৰৌ, Rau, Roho labeo 
Labeo nandina / নন্দিনি, Nandini, Deccan Labeo 
Labeo gonius / কুঁঢ়ি, Kurhi, Kuria labeo 
Macrognathus aral / তুৰা, Tura, Peacock Eel, One-striped Spiny Eel,. One-stripe Spinyeel
Mastacembelus armatus / বামি, Bami, Zig-zag eel, tire-track eel, tire-track spiny eel, marbled spiny eel
Mystus bleekeri / শিঙৰা, Singorah, Day’s mystus 
Mystus cavasius / বৰ শিঙৰা, Barsingorah, Gangetic mystus
Nandus nandus Hamilton / আকৰি, গেডগেডী, ভেতেকী, খালৈভাঙী, Aakori, Gedgedi, Bhetki, Khaloibhangi, Mud perch  
Notopterus notopterus Pallas / কান্ধুলি, Kandhuli, Bronze featherback 
Ompok pabo / পাভ, Pabha, Pabdah catfish 
Puntius ticto / চেনিপুঠি, Cheniputhi, Ticto Barb 
Puntius sarana / পুঠি, Puthi, Olive barb 
Salmostoma bacaila / চেলকনা, Chelkona, Large razorbelly minnow 
Tetraodon cutcutia / গঙ্গাটোপ , Gangatop, Ocellated blowfish 
Tor putitora / পিঠিয়া, Golden mahseer, Himalayan salmon  
Wallago attu / বৰালি, Barali, Wallago  
Xenentodon cancila Hamilton / ককিলাদাৰি, Kokila Dari, Needle Fish

Turtles & Tortoises : List of turtles & tortoises found in Assam

Vernacular name : (In Assamese Language)(Assamese Name)(English Name)(Scientific Name/ Accepted Name)

শালিকা  ডুৰা  (Salika Dura) Assam Roofed turtle (Pangshura sylhetensis),
ফুটুকি  শালিকা  ডুৰা  (Phutuki Salika Dura) Indian Roofed Turtle (Pangshura tecta),
শালিকা  ডুৰা  (Salika Dura) Indian Tent Turtle (Pangshura tentoria),
শিল  ডুৰা, পাহাৰীয়া  ডুৰা  (Sil Dura, Paharia Dura) Tricarinate Hill Turtle (Melanochelys tricarinata),
চেপেতা ডুৰা  (Sepeta Dura) Assam leaf turtle (Cyclemys gemeli)
Indian Eyed Turtle (Morenia petersi),
লাওমুৰা কাছ  (Laomura Kaso) Gangetic or Indian Softshell Turtle (Aspideretes gangeticus),
বৰ  কাছ, চকৰি  কাছ  (Bor Kaso, Sakori Kaso) Indian Peacock Softshell Turtle (Aspideretes hurum),
বাঘিয়া কাছ  (Baghia Kaso) Narrow Headed Softshell Turtle (Chitra indica),
নল  ডুৰা, ফুটুকি  ডুৰা  (Nal dura, Futuki dura) Spotted Pond Turtle, Black Pond Turtle (Geoclemys hamiltonii),
জাপ ডুৰা  (Jaap Dura) Malayan Softshell Turtle (Cuora amboinensis)
পাহাৰীয়া  কাছ  (Paharia Kaso) Brown Hill Tortoise, Asian brown tortoise (Manouria emys),
পাহাৰীয়া  জাপ কাছ (Pahari Jaap dura) Keeled Box Turtle (Pyxida mouhotii),
Indian Black Turtle (Melanochelys trijuga),
Oldham’s Leaf Turtle (Cyclemys oldhami),
বাঘ ডুৰা, হালধীয়া ফুটুকী কাছ (Bagh Dura, Halodhiya Phutuki Kaso) Indian Flapshell Turtle (Lissemys punctata andersoni),
কালধাপ ডুৰা, বৰ ডুৰা  (Kaldhap Dura, Bor dura) Crowned River Turtle (Hardella thurjii Gray)
মুগা ডুৰা  (Muga Dura) Brown Roofed Turtle (Pangshura smithii Gray)

Images of fishes found in Assam

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