Geography of Assam

Assamese General knowledge

Assam on Google Map

1. Assam became a constituent state of India in 1950. 
2. In which direction of India, Assam is situated?
     a) North-West       b) East      c) North-East       d) North
     Ans : c)

3. Which data is correct about the surroundings of Assam?
     a) North > Bhutan & Arunachal, South > Meghalaya, Tripura,
          Mizoram & Bangladesh, East > Nagaland & Manipur, West >
          West Bangle
     b)  South > Bhutan & Arunachal, North > Meghalaya, Tripura,
          Mizoram & Bangladesh, West > Nagaland & Manipur, East >
          West Bangle
     c)  East> Bhutan & Arunachal, West > Meghalaya, Tripura,
          Mizoram & Bangladesh, North > Nagaland & Manipur, South >
          West Bangle
     d) West > Bhutan & Arunachal, East > Meghalaya, Tripura,
          Mizoram & Bangladesh, South > Nagaland & Manipur, North >
          West Bangle
           Ans : a)

4.  Two rivers valley of Assam are
      a) The Ganges valley and Brahmaputra valley
      b) The Brahmaputra and Borak valley
      c) The Subansiri valley and Borak valley
      d) The Brahmaputra and Pagladia valley
          Ans : b)

5. The area of Assam is
     a) 78,538 sq. km.        b) 78,400 sq. km.  
     c) 78,438 sq. km.        d) 79,438 sq. km
     Ans : c)

6. Latitude and Longitude of Assam is
     a) 27.200604 N      91.937574 E
     b) 26.200604 N      94.937574 E
     c) 26.200604 N      92.937574 E
     d) 25.200604 N      92.937574 E
     Ans : c)

7. The capital city of Assam is
     a) Kamrup      b) Guwahati      
     c) Dispur      d) Shillong
     Ans : c)

8. In which year Dispur was declared as capital of Assam?
    a) the year 2000      b) the year 1950     
    c) the year 1985      d) the year 1973
    Ans : d)

9. Population of Assam (Census 2011) : 3,12,05,576
    Male : 15939443 Female : 1,52,66,133
    Population growth : 17.07%
    Percentage of total population : 2.58%
    Sex Ratio : 958 Female : 1000 Male
    Child Sex ration : 962 Female : 1000 Male
    Population density/ sq. km : 398

10. Literacy rate of Assam according Census 2011: 72.19%
    Male Literacy : 77.85% ,  Female Literacy : 66.27%
    Total Literate : 1,91,77,977
    Male Literate : 1,05,68,639   Female Literate : 86,09,338

11. Assam Rural and Urban Population (Census 2011)
    i) Population percentage(%) : Rural: 85.90%  ,  Urban: 14.10%
    ii) Total population: Rural: 2,68,07034   , Urban: 43,98,542
    iii Male population: Rural: 1,36,78,989   , Urban: 22,60,454
    iv) Female population: Rural: 1,31,28,045 , Urban: 21,38,088
    v) Population growth : Rural: 15.47%,    Urban: 27.89%
    vi) Sex ratio : Rural: 960   ,  Urban : 946
    vii) Child sex ratio (0-6) : Rural : 964,   Urban: 944
    viii) Child population (0-6) : Rural: 41,87,323 , Urban: 4,50,807 
    ix) Child percentage (0-6) : Rural: 15.62% ,  Urban: 10.25%
    x) Literates : Rural : 1,56,85,436,  Urban: 34,92,541 
    xi) Average Literacy : Rural: 69.34% , Urban: 88.47%
    xii) Male Literacy : Rural: 75.40% , Urban: 91.81% 
    xiii) Female Literacy : Rural: 60.05%, Urban: 79.85% 
12. Assam Religious Data (Census 2011)
    i) Hindu :   Population : 1,91,80,759,   Percentage : 61.47%
    ii) Muslim : Population : 1,06,79,345,   Percentage : 34.22%  
    iii) Christian: Population : 1,16,5867 , Percentage : 3.74%
    iv) Buddhist: Population : 54,993 ,      Percentage : 0.18%
    v) Not available : Population : 50,873 , Percentage : 0.16%
    vi) Other religion: Population : 27,118 , Percentage : 0.09%
    vii) Jain: Population : 25,949 ,         Percentage : 0.08%
    viii) Sikh: Population : 20,672 ,        Percentage : 0.07%

13. The Brahmaputra River

The Brahmaputra River flows through Assam, a north-east state of India, originates from Angsi Glacier and Manasarover Lake near Mount Kailash of Tibet. The river is a trans-boundary river which crosses China, India and Bangladesh. The initial part of the Brahmaputra is known as Yarlung Tsangpo. So the river is known as Brahmaputra-Tsangpo. The length of the Brahmaputra River is 2900km from its source to outfall in the Bay of Bengal. The average depth of the river is 38m (124ft) and maximum depth is 120m (380ft). The average width of Brahmaputra is 5.46 Km. The average discharge of the river is about 19,800 m3/s (700,000 cu ft/s). It is the ninth largest river in the world by discharge, and the 15th longest. The river is known as Siang/Dihang River in Arunachal Pradesh and Luit or Dilao in Assam. The cities, Dibrugarh, Tezpur and Guwahati are situated on the bank of the Brahmaputra. The Majuli island, which is the largest river island in the world is on the Brahmaputra.

The Brahmaputra River is a classic example of a braided river. Many tributaries fall in the Brahmaputra in the Assam valley. Most of the tributaries are large streams and they pour great quantities of water in the Brahmaputra. The names of some main tributaries of the Brahmaputra are Buri Dihing, Dibru, Subansiri, Jia Bharali, Dikhou, Disang, Bhogdoi, Dhansiri, Kopili, Kolong, Puthimari, Pagladia, Beki, Manash, Sankosh, Kulsi, Krishnai etc.

14. The Barak River

The Barak River, the second largest river of North East India flows from its source at Liyai Kullen Village in Manipur state of India through the states of Manipur, Nagaland, Mizoram and Assam in India and into the Bay of Bengal through Bangladesh. The river is 900 km long. It passes through the district of Cachar, Karimganj, Hailakandi and North Cachar Hills of south Assam. In Assam the length of the Barak River is 225 km. Its main tributaries are Jiri, Siri, Madhura, Jatinga, Larang, Sonai, Ghagra, Katakhal, Dhaleswari, Singla and Longai. The Barak River has very rich aquatic biodiversity. It has river crocodile, river dolphin, otter and varieties of fish.   

15. Names of Districts, Headquarters, Divisions, Sub-Divisions of Assam

The State of Assam is divided into 33 Administrative Districts. The districts are demarcated on the basis of features such as rivers, hills, forests, etc. East Karbi Anglong is the largest district of Assam with an area of 10,434 sq. km. and South Salmara-Mankachar  is the smallest district with an area of 568 sq.km. Majuli is the first river island district of India with an area of 880 sq.km. 

The Districts of Assam are further placed under five Regional Divisions.

The areas and populations of 33 nos. Districts of Assam are given below.

Division Name

Divisional Office

District

Headquarter

Sub-Division

Population

(Census 2011)

Area

(sq. km)

Density

(/sq. km)

Barak Valley

Silchar

Cachar

Silchar

Silchar, Katigorah, Lakhipur, Sonai

17,36,319

3,786

381

Hailakandi

Hailakandi

Hailakandi, Katlicherra

6,59,260

1,327

409

Karimganj

Karimganj

Karimganj, Ramkrishna Nagar

12,17,002

1,809

555

Central Assam

Nagaon

Dima Hasao

Haflong

Haflong, Diyungbra, Maibong

2,14,102

4,888

44

Hojai

Hojai

Hojai

9,31,218

   

East Karbi Anglong

Diphu

Diphu, Bokajan, Howraghat

9,65,280

10,434

78

West Karbi Anglong,

Hamren

Hamren

3,00,320

3,035

99

Morigaon

Morigaon

Morigaon

9,57,853

1,704

455

Nagaon

Nagaon

Nagaon, Kaliabor

18,92,550

2,287

604

Lower Assam

Guwahati

Baksa

Mushalpur

Mushalpur, Salbari, Tamulpur

9,53,773

2,400

398

Barpeta

Barpeta

Barpeta, Bajali, Kalgachia, Sarukhetri, Sorbhog

16,93,190

3,245

506

Bongaigaon

Bongaigaon

Bongaigaon, Manikpur, North Salmara

20,60,550

1,724

425

Chirang

Kajalgaon

Kajalgaon,Bijni

4,81,818

1,468

328

Dhubri

Dhubri

Dhubri, Bilasipara

19,48,632

2,838

576

Goalpara

Goalpara

Goalpara, Lakhipur

10,08,959

1,824

451

Nalbari

Nalbari

Nalbari, Mukalmua, Tihu

7,69,919

2,257

504

Kamrup Metropolitan

Guwahati

Guwahati, Chandrapur, Dispur, Sonapur, Azara

12,60,419

1,528

820

Kamrup Rural

Amingaon

Kamrup, Azara, Dakhin Kamrup, Rangia

15,17,202

1,527.84

520

Kokrajhar

Kokrajhar

Kokrajhar, Gossaigaon, Parbatjhora

9,30,404

3,129

297

South Salmara-Mankachar

Hatsingimari

Hatsingimari

5,55,114

568

980

North Assam

Tezpur

Biswanath

Biswanath Chariali

Biswanath Chariali, Gohpur

5,80,000

1,100

530

Darrang

Mangaldoi

Mangaldoi

9,08,090

1,585

432

Sonitpur

Tezpur

Sonitpur, Dhekiajuli

19,25,975

5,324

315

Udalguri

Udalguri

Udalguri, Bhergaon

8,32,769

1,676

497

Upper Assam

Jorhat

Charaideo

Sonari

Charaideo

     

Dhemaji

Dhemaji

Dhemaji, Jonai

6,88,077

3,237

176

Dibrugarh

Dibrugarh

Dibrugarh, Moran, Naharkatiya

13,27,748

3,381

347

Golaghat

Golaghat

Golaghat, Bokakhat, Dhansiri, Merapani

10,58,674

3,502

270

Jorhat

Jorhat

Jorhat, Titabor

10,91,295

2,851

354

Lakhimpur

North Lakhimpur

North Lakhimpur, Bihpuria Narayanpur, Dhakuakhana

10,40,644

2,277

391

Majuli

Garamur

Majuli

1,67,304

880

300

Sivasagar

Sivasagar

Sivasagar, Nazira

11,50,253

2,668

395

Tinsukia

Tinsukia

Tinsukia, Margherita, Sadiya

13,16,948

3,790

303

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