Mimosa pudica is a creeping annual or perennial flowering plant of the pea/legume family Fabaceae. This species is found in Assam. The Assamese common names of Mimosa pudica are আদৰি বন, লাজুকী লতা, নিলাজী বন (Adori bon, Lajuki lata, Nilaji bon) and other common names include Sensitive plant, Humble plant, Touch Me Not, action plant, shame plant. The stem of action plant is erect in young plants, but becomes creeping or trailing with age. The stem is slender and branching. This plant has unique characteristics that the compound leaves fold inward and droop when touched or shaken, and re-open a few minutes later. The foliage closes during darkness and reopens in light. It is not shade tolerant, and is primarily found on soils with low nutrient concentrations. Colour of flower is pale pink or purple and shape of flower is ball shaped and fluffy. The stems are prickly. The type of leaves is bipinnate, fern like and pale green. The shape of leaves is elliptic-oblong, margin of leaves is entire-ciliate and arrangement of leaves is alternate-distichous.
The shame plant is used as traditional medicine. It has been used traditionally in the treatment of various ailments including alopecia, diarrhea, dysentery, insomnia, tumor, and various urogenital infections.
It is a good sign according to scientific study is that Mimosa pudica can extract the pollutant of heavy metals like copper, lead, tin, zinc etc of soil and rejuvenate the area of soil to less toxic compositions. It also has the ability to maintain the nitrogen fixation of soil.
Scientific classification of Sensitive plant
Kingdom : Plantae
Phylum : Tracheophyta
Class : Equisetopsida C. Agardh
Order : Fabales
Family : Fabaceae
Genus : Mimosa
Scientific name : Mimosa pudica L.