Ocimum basilicum is an erect, annual, culinary herb of the family Lamiaceae. The herb is native to Assam. The leaves of the herb are used worldwide for its aroma and taste and it is an important ingredient in many traditionl medicines. The Assamese common name of the herb is ৰাম তুলসী (Ram tulasi, Ram tulosi). Other common names are Sweet basil, or basil. This medicinal herb can help with cough, flatulence, lack of appetite, cuts, and scrapes. Leaves arrangement of basil is opposite, shape is ovate-elliptic and margin of leaves is serrate. The tiny white flowers arranged in flattened whorls that encircle the stems, one whorl above another.
Scientific classification of Ocimum basilicum
Kingdom : Plantae
Phylum : Tracheophyta
Class : Magnoliopsida
Order : Lamiales
Family : Lamiaceae
Genus : Ocimum
Accepted or binomial Name : Ocimum basilicum L.