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Tamarindus indica

Tamarindus indica is a leguminous tree in the family Fabaceae. The tree originated in tropical Africa. The tamarind was introduced to India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, the Philippines, the Caribbean, and the Pacific Islands. It is widely grown in India. It is found in all districts of Assam. The Assamese common of Tamarind is Teteli, তেঁতেলী. The other common names of the tree are (in English) Tamarind, Indian date, (in Hindi) Imli, (in Kannada) Hunse, (in Malayalam) Balapuli, Kolpuli, Puli, Valan Puli, and (in Tamil) Puli Puliyamaram. The genus Tamarindus is monotypic, meaning that it contains only this species.

Location of plant : Sivasagar District, Assam, India
 The tamarind is a long-lived, medium-growth tree with dense foliage. It grows up to a height of 40–60 feet. It prefers full sunlight. It grows on clay, loam, sandy and acidic soil types with a high resistance to drought and aerosol salt. Tamarind trees produce high-quality timber, including hard, dark red heartwood and softer, pale sapwood used in furniture, woodcarving, and other specialised wood products.
The tamarind tree is evergreen, canopy dense; The bark of the tree is dark grey, longitudinally fissured; branchlets are warty and tomentose; the leaf arrangement is alternate-spiral, the leaf type is paripinnate, the leaf shape is oblong, the leaf apex is obtuse, the leaf base is obtuse, and the leaf margin is entire, and at night, the leaflets close up. Flowers are bisexual and appear in terminal racemes; they are yellow with pink dots. The fruit is an indehiscent legume. Fruit is an oblong pod that is compressed, mesocarp pulpy, crustaceous, mesocarp pulpy, endocarp septate, leathery, and indehiscent, with 3-8 shiny brown seeds. Fruiting season is from December to March.
 The fruits, leaf and bark of tamarind is edible and medicinal. It is also reported to have laxative, anti-microbial, anti-parasitic, anti-fungal, anti-viral, and anti-nematodal properties. They are also used for the treatment of stomach ailments such as abdominal pain, diarrhea, and constipation. The uses of tamarind are diverse due to its sweet and tangy taste. The tamarind fruits and tender leaves are widely used in the cuisines of the Indian Subcontinent, Southeast Asia, and the Americas, especially Mexico. India is the largest producer of tamarind.
Tamarind seed oil can be extracted from the seeds. The oil is good for the heart and helps control bad cholesterol.

Scientific Classification of Tamarindus indica
Kingdom :     Plantae
Phylum :      Tracheophyta
Class :          Equisetopsida C. Agardh
Order :         Fabales
Family :        Fabaceae
Genus :        Tamarindus
Species :      Tamarindus indica L.
Synonyms of Tamarindus indica
Tamarindus occidentalis Gaertn.
Tamarindus officinalis Hook.
Tamarindus umbrosa Salisb.

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